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  • Writer's pictureCharlie Gordon

Australian Exercise Guidelines: Strength Training

Strength training is an essential component of a well-rounded fitness routine, and the Australian strength training guidelines offer valuable insights to help you optimize your workouts. These guidelines serve as a comprehensive resource for people of all ages and fitness levels, promoting overall health and well-being. In this blog post, we will discuss the Australian strength training guidelines, share practical tips and examples to make your strength training journey both informative and engaging, and delve into the many benefits of incorporating strength training into your lifestyle.

Unpacking the Australian Strength Training Guidelines

The Australian Department of Health has developed strength training guidelines to encourage individuals to engage in muscle-strengthening activities that complement their aerobic exercises. These guidelines target different age groups and are designed to promote a healthy lifestyle while reducing the risk of chronic diseases and injury.

Here's an overview of the guidelines by age group:

  1. Children (5-12 years): Muscle-strengthening activities should be incorporated into play, at least three days per week. These activities may include climbing, jumping, and playground exercises.

  2. Young people (13-17 years): At least three days per week, young people should engage in muscle-strengthening activities, such as bodyweight exercises or resistance training.

  3. Adults (18-64 years): Adults should perform muscle-strengthening activities on at least two days per week. This may include bodyweight exercises, free weights, or resistance bands.

  4. Older adults (65+ years): Similar to adults, older individuals should engage in muscle-strengthening activities at least two days per week, tailored to their capabilities and focusing on maintaining functional fitness and balance exercises.

Tips and Examples for Incorporating Strength Training

With the guidelines in mind, let's explore some tips and examples to seamlessly integrate strength training into your exercise routine:

  1. Begin with the basics: Start with simple bodyweight exercises like push-ups, squats, lunges, and planks to build a strong foundation before progressing to more advanced exercises.

  2. Prioritize form and technique: Proper form is crucial to prevent injury and maximize the benefits of strength training. Consider working with an exercise physiologist or a certified personal trainer to ensure you're performing exercises correctly.

  3. Progress gradually: Increase the difficulty of your strength training routine over time by adding weight, repetitions, or complexity to your exercises.

  4. Mix it up: Vary your exercises to target different muscle groups and prevent boredom. Experiment with free weights, resistance bands, and machines to keep your workouts fresh and challenging.

  5. Allow for recovery: Give your muscles time to recover by scheduling rest days and avoiding working the same muscle group on consecutive days.

Examples of Strength Training Exercises

Here are some examples of strength training exercises you can incorporate into your routine:

  1. Push-ups: A versatile bodyweight exercise that targets the chest, shoulders, and triceps. Modify push-ups by performing them on your knees or against a wall if necessary.

  2. Squats: A functional exercise that strengthens the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes. Begin with bodyweight squats and progress to weighted squats or goblet squats as your strength increases.

  3. Lunges: A lower body exercise that targets the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes. Start with stationary lunges and progress to walking lunges or reverse lunges for added variety.

  4. Planks: An isometric core exercise that engages the entire abdominal region. Hold the plank position for as long as you can maintain proper form, and gradually increase the duration over time.

  5. Rows: A compound exercise that targets the back and biceps. Utilize dumbbells, resistance bands, or a cable machine for this exercise. Remember to maintain proper form by keeping your core engaged and pulling your shoulder blades back and down.

  6. Deadlifts: A full-body exercise that primarily targets the lower back, glutes, and hamstrings. Start with light weights and focus on maintaining a neutral spine and proper technique.

  7. Overhead press: A compound exercise that works the shoulders, triceps, and upper back. Perform this exercise with dumbbells, a barbell, or resistance bands, ensuring your core is engaged and your back is straight.

  8. Bicep curls: An isolation exercise for the biceps. Use dumbbells, resistance bands, or a cable machine to perform this movement with control, keeping your elbows close to your body.

Benefits of Strength Training

Incorporating strength training into your exercise routine offers numerous physical and mental health benefits, such as:

  1. Increased muscle strength: Regular strength training improves muscle strength and endurance, making everyday activities easier to perform.

  2. Improved bone density: Strength training can help prevent age-related bone loss by stimulating bone growth and increasing bone mineral density.

  3. Enhanced weight management: Muscle burns more calories at rest than fat, so increasing your muscle mass can help boost your metabolism and support weight management efforts.

  4. Reduced risk of injury: Stronger muscles and connective tissues provide better support for your joints, reducing the likelihood of injury during physical activities.

  5. Better balance and stability: Strength training, particularly when focused on the core and lower body, can improve balance, stability, and overall functional fitness.

  6. Improved posture: Strengthening the muscles that support your spine can lead to better posture, reduced back pain, and a decreased risk of developing musculoskeletal issues.

  7. Enhanced mental health: Regular strength training has been linked to reduced symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress, as well as improved self-esteem and cognitive function.


The Australian strength training guidelines provide an effective blueprint for incorporating muscle-strengthening activities into your fitness routine. By following these recommendations and experimenting with a variety of exercises, you can build a solid foundation for overall health and well-being.

Remember that consistency is key, and it's important to progress at a pace that suits your current fitness level. By prioritizing proper form, technique, and recovery, you can reduce the risk of injury and maximize the benefits of your strength training journey. Embrace these guidelines, and you'll be on your way to a stronger, healthier, and more confident version of yourself.

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